what do we know about the border clashes between Armenia and Azerbaijan

This is the deadliest fighting since 2020 in the Nagorno-Karabakh region. Clashes broke out on the border between Armenia and Azerbaijan, on the night of Monday 12th to Tuesday 13th September. Here’s what we know about renewed violence between the two neighboring countries.

Nearly 50 soldiers died

The Prime Minister of Armenia announced during a speech in front of the Parliament in Yerevan that“now”, numbered the Armenian army “49 [militaires] you” in its order. “And this is unfortunately not the definitive number”, warned Nikol Pashinian. For its part, it is claimed to be recognized by Azerbaijan “loss”but without giving the exact number.

LArmenia and Azerbaijan blaming each other for these new conflicts. Yerevan accused Baku of starting hostilities by a “intensive bombardment” from its positions, in the direction of some towns, such as Goris and Sotk. LAzerbaijan while accusing Armenia of“massive subversive acts”.

The Armenian Ministry of Defense clarified that “wars” occurred at several points along the border. Azerbaijani troops, he said, tried“advance” in the territory of Armenia. He also assured that he was targeted by the enemy “military and civilian infrastructure”. “Azerbaijani forces continue to use artillery, mortars, drones and large-caliber rifles”the Armenian Defense Ministry said.

The region of Nagorno-Karabakh at the center of the conflict

At the beginning of the tension between the two neighbors : fate in Nagorno-Karabakh. This mountainous region, populated mostly by Armenians, it was annexed by Azerbaijan before seceding in support of Armenia. but Azerbaijan, supported by Turkey, never gave up on the idea of ​​regaining the former province.

After the first war that made more than 30 000 died in the early 1990s, a conflict between the two countries erupted for six weeks in the fall of 2020. It caused more than 6 500 dead and ended in a ceasefire negotiated with Russia and a heavy defeat for Armenia, forced to give up some regions that became a glacis around the separatist enclave of Nagorno-Karabakh.

This debacle was experienced as a trauma by a large part of the Armenian population, which in particular accused Azerbaijan of having “war crimes” during this conflict. Despite the 2 000 Russian blue helmets were deployed to guard the ceasefire, Shooting has been regularly reported along the common border since 2020.

A ceasefire initiated by Russia

To end the current hostilities, Russia announced that it was renegotiating a ceasefire, which has been in effect since Tuesday morning, according to Moscow. “We hope that the agreement was reached after Russia brokered a ceasefire from 9 time, Moscow time (8 time, time in French)respect in general”, said the Russian diplomat, speaking for himself “deeply concerned by the marked deterioration of the situation”.

“We call on the parties to refrain from any further development, which will prevent,” urged the Russian Foreign Ministry again.

The UN Security Council was seized by France

After these new battles, theFrance will take over the UN Security Council, where it currently holds the presidency, the Elysée Palace announced on Tuesday. This statement comes after a telephone conversation between Emmanuel Macron and the Prime Minister of Armenia.

Nikol Pashinyan also spoke separately throughout the night with Russian President Vladimir Putin and US Foreign Minister Antony Blinken. The head of the Armenian government took the opportunity to express “his deep concern about the current situation” and underlined “The importance of an appropriate response from the international community”, according to the Armenian government.

The European Union for its part called on Tuesday for the cessation of hostilities and made mediation between the two countries, announced the head of European diplomacy, Josep Borrell. “President [du Conseil] Charles Michel spoke to the leaders of the two countries and I spoke today to the respective foreign ministers”he specified.

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