Within the American States that rebelled against the acts condemned ” heavy-headed “, because ” ugly “, or even” pornography according to particular subjective criteria, Missouri is not one of the least active. From the end of last year, many books were targeted, in different schools, and taken from the shelves, including All Men Are Not Blue by George M. Johnson (Blue is not suitable for all mentranslated by Noémie Saint-Gal, De Saxus), Fun Home: A Family Tragicomic by Alison Bechdel (translated by Corinne Julve, Lili Sztajn, Denoël) or even The bluest eyes by Toni Morrison (translated by Jean Guiloineau).
Some have returned, especially after legal action by two students, who challenged these withdrawals of books from libraries. However, the censors follow the ideas, and especially the support of political representatives who are republicans and conservatives like pressure groups.
To comply with Senate Bill 775, which took effect in the State of Missouri on August 28, the Rockwood School District declared 22 books illegal because they presented ” clear elements of sex “. Among these titles, which will be taken by school libraries as soon as possible, Batman: White Knightby Sean Murphy and Matt Hollingsworth (translated by Benjamin Rivière, Urban Comics), and look at the boysby Alan Moore and Dave Gibbons (translated by Jean-Patrick Manchette, Urban Comics).
Two masterpieces of the genre, no less, with the common point of questioning the superheroic figure and its implications, especially in terms of vigilantism and popular justice… Of course, the school district does not determine if which elements specifically justify the withdrawals. – it is not necessary to point out that the two comics are not pornographic, not even erotic…
Among other titles targeted, the regulars of American neo-censorship, such as Gender Queer by Maia Kobabe (Gender Queertranslated into France by Anne-Charlotte Husson), undoubtedly the most targeted title, but also the comic book adaptation of The Scarlet Maid by Renee Nault, after Margaret Atwood, The sun and its flowers by Rupi Kaur (translated by Sabine Rolland, in Nil) or even The Sacrifice of Darkness by Roxanne Gay.
Committee on Censorship
After the entry into force of Senate Bill 775, a real censorship committee was established, with particularly organized actions in St. Charles County Parents’ Association (SCCPA), a county in the state of Missouri. This group of parents, betrayed through the schools needed to protect their children, according to their website, offers all the tools of good library book censors.
Detailed instructions for making a report, advice for filing a complaint with the local police in the event of not removing a book, reading grid for identification ” sexual elements likely to be chosen… A new “Hays Code”, this censorship manual that dictated the themes and images of Hollywood cinema between the 1930s and 1960s, can be read between the lines.
READ: Star poet censored in US, Rupi Kaur visits France
When the law went into effect on August 28, many school districts in the state rushed to follow up on the complaints of SCCPA members, for fear of filing complaints, in part, but also to agree with the policy goals of the Republican Governor of the state, Mike Parson. It is known that the State can be fully involved in a public dispute about schools that will stand up to the law.
In addition, note that the aforementioned law was introduced through an amendment by Senator Rick Brattin, who has particular ideas on the right: previously, he distinguished homosexual people from people, promoting the teaching of alternative theories of evolution or even resorting to armed intervention against illegal demonstrations “.
In fact, as this article from Riverfront weather, the exceptions added to Senate Bill 775 mean that it does not even pose a threat to real pornographic images. However, these effects on the diversity of work offered to students and students by qualified librarians are very real…
Dossier: In the United States, a worrying wave of book censorship