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Disappointed and bitter. Next, the Senegalese leader Macky Sall, on behalf of the African Union (AU) where he holds the rotating presidency, in Ghana, Nana Akufo-Addo, in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Félix Tshisekedi, President of Ethiopia, Sahle-Work Zewde, and Moussa Faki Mahamat, Chairman of the AU Commission, regretted the absence of Heads of State from industrialized countries at the summit dedicated to Africa’s adaptation to climate change, Monday September 5 in Rotterdam.
“ We are trying to leave Africa to go to Rotterdam and they are not in this room when it is easier for them to move.reprimanded the president of Senegal. They are the main polluters and must pay for adaptation” countries that are not responsible for climate change.
Two months before the United Nations climate conference (COP27) in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt, African leaders want to take advantage of this meeting organized by the Global Center for Adaptation (GCA) to mobilize international attention to one of the continent’s priorities The Covid-19 pandemic and the inflationary shock linked to the Ukrainian crisis have reduced its financial capacities.
Thirty-three African States out of 54 are among the least developed countries. “Our countries are already forced to allocate between 2% and 5% of their GDP to deal with a problem they did not create. They receive a small share of international funding. This is one of the most shocking injustices against continent.criticized Moussa Faki Mahamat.
“Africans don’t beg”
About $50 billion per year is needed to implement the adaptation policies made by African governments by 2030. Only part of this will come from local resources. Rwanda, for example, has already warned that it will not be able to cover more than 40% of its needs, Ghana a third and Kenya more than 10%.
In 2019 and 2020, industrialized countries contributed $11 billion, according to data published by the GCA: 97% from public finance and mainly from multilateral development banks, and more than half in this financing the loans that contributed to increase the debt of the countries. .
The African Development Bank (AfDB) and the GCA launched in 2021 an Acceleration Program for Adaptation in Africa, its goal is to raise 25 billion dollars by 2025 to support, for example, adaptation initiatives. adaptation of agriculture or construction of infrastructure capable of withstanding climate shocks. “Africans do not beg or wait. They put money on the table,” AfDB President, Akinwumi Adesina, reminded industrialized countries of their duty of unity.
This program is made up of two components: a start-up fund of $250 million that will make it possible to assess the feasibility of projects, and, secondly, a financing plan. The AfDB hopes to raise this amount during COP27. France, represented in Rotterdam by its Secretary of State for Development, Chrysoula Zacharopoulou, announced that it will contribute 10 million euros to support projects related to the Great Green Wall and the FARM initiative (Food and Agriculture Resilience Mission), led by Emmanuel Macron and Macky Sall.