It all depends on whether you want to lose weight, increase your endurance, or achieve other health goals. Here are some tips on exercise and how often you should exercise.
Before deciding how much exercise you need, it’s good to know what your exercise goals are first.
How much exercise is enough? It depends on your health and your goals.
First ask yourself: how much exercise is enough for what? He explains that before you make a decision about how much exercise you need, you need to have a good idea of your exercise goal(s): Are you exercising for your health, to control your weight or to maintain your stress level ?
For general health benefits, a daily walking routine may be sufficient. The more specific your goal, such as lowering your blood pressure, improving your cardiovascular fitness, or losing weight, you should exercise more often or more intensely. Medical literature continues to support the idea that exercise is medicine. Regular exercise can help reduce the risk of premature death, control your blood pressure, reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes, fight obesity, improve your lungs and help treat depression.
Fitness for adults and children
Adults should aim for 150 to 300 minutes of moderate physical activity or 75 to 150 minutes of vigorous-intensity aerobic physical activity per week for good health. When done regularly, aerobic activity improves cardiorespiratory fitness. Running, brisk walking, swimming, and cycling are all forms of aerobic activity.
In addition, specialists encourage balancing and stretching activities to improve flexibility, as well as muscle-strengthening exercises twice a week or more. Seniors should focus more on balance exercises, such as tai chi, which have been shown to improve stability and reduce fracture risk in the elderly, according to a review published in December 2013 in European Journal of Integrative Medicine, and continues to do as. as much aerobic and muscle-strengthening activity as their bodies can handle.
Any amount of time or any form of exercise is better than no exercise, 1, 5 or 30 minutes. For preschoolers, it is better to spend more time playing to promote their growth and development. This includes a mix of active and unstructured play, such as cycling, jumping, or swimming. Children and adolescents ages 6 to 17 should get one hour of moderate to vigorous physical activity a day. The majority of those 60 minutes should be spent on aerobic activity, which is activity that involves repetitive use of large muscles and that increases heart rate and breathing. Children and adolescents should do activities that strengthen muscles and bones, such as jumping or exercises that use body weight as resistance, three times a week.
How much exercise do you need to lose weight or maintain weight loss?
Research consistently shows that incorporating exercise into your routine can help with weight loss. For example, in a study published in August 2012 in the journal Obesity, women who dieted and exercised lost more weight than those who dieted alone. However, if you’re trying to control your weight through exercise, you probably need to spend less time exercising. This is because 150-250 minutes per week of moderate intensity physical activity will only produce moderate weight loss results, and to lose significant weight, you may need to do some intensity exercise. in addition to dietary intervention). So how much exercise do you need in a day? That equates to one hour, five days a week.
People trying to lose a lot of weight, more than 5% of their body weight, should get more than 300 minutes of moderate-intensity activity per week to achieve the their goals.
If you increase the intensity of your activity, you can achieve the same weight control benefits in half the time. For example, in a January 2017 study published in the Journal of Diabetes Research, women who performed high-intensity interval exercise lost the same amount of weight and body fat as those who performed moderate- intensity cardio. practice.
It is important to remember that once you reach your weight loss goals, you must continue to exercise to ensure that you do not regain the lost weight. A study published in August 2014 in the Journal of Primary Prevention, which analyzed data from 81 studies that examined the role of exercise in weight management, found that one of the biggest ways that exercise helps weight management is to prevent weight gain (perhaps more than it helps you lose weight).
Although 250 minutes of exercise per week can prevent weight regain, some people need more physical activity than others to maintain a healthy weight, to lose weight, or to prevent weight gain once they lose some.
To lose weight and prevent weight regain, practice resistance exercises to increase the level of lean body mass, which improves the metabolic rate. So, when Harvard researchers followed 10,500 men for 12 years, those who did 20 minutes of strength training a day gained less belly fat than those who spent the same amount of time. time for cardiovascular exercise, according to data published in the February 2015 issue of the journal Obesity.
How much exercise do you need to improve your cardiovascular health?
Fortunately for anyone trying to improve their heart health, a little exercise is not enough. For overall cardiovascular health, engage in at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic activity per week or at least 75 minutes of vigorous-intensity aerobic activity per week. Other research has shown that aerobic exercise is the most effective form of exercise for improving measures of cardiometabolic health, including insulin sensitivity, glucose tolerance, and blood pressure. Do muscle-strengthening activities at least two days a week to help preserve and build lean muscle.
Before engaging in high-intensity exercise, especially if you have a history of heart disease, it is important to ask your doctor what exercise is safe for you. And, again, remember that it’s okay to work out until you reach your target exercise level. Whatever your goals, a little exercise is always more beneficial than none. Small steps sometimes get the best results.
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