In Ukraine, the night of August 2 to 3, 2022 was marked by new Russian strikes as the international community worried about the Zaporizhia power plant but welcomed the arrival of a ship full of water grain in Turkey. We will summarize what can be remembered from these last hours.
The first ship loaded with grain from Odessa arrived in Turkey
The first shipment of cereals exported to Ukraine since the beginning of the invasion of Russia on February 24 arrived on Tuesday August 2, 2022 on the coast of Turkey, in the Black Sea, in the application of the agreement signed in July between kyiv and Moscow to prevent the global food crisis.
The Razoni, a freighter flying the flag of Sierra Leone, left the Ukrainian port of Odessa on Monday shortly after 9 a.m. (8 a.m. Paris time) with 26,000 tons of corn bound for Tripoli in Lebanon , presented before 7 pm (6 pm) Paris time on Tuesday in view of the northern coast of Istanbul, AFP found.
The ship was forced to spend the night anchored on the coast and will be inspected this Wednesday, August 3 morning by an international group at the entrance to the Bosphorus, in accordance with the wishes of Russia, which wants to be sure of the nature of the cargo, said the Turkish Defense Ministry.
Cereals have left Ukraine since the beginning of the Russian offensive, but from Berdiansk (south), on the Sea of Azov, an area occupied by the Russians.
“Our goal now is consistency. […] Continuity, regularity is a necessary principle for consumers of our agricultural production”Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky said in his daily speech on Tuesday night, criticizing the“terrorist state” Russian who “Creating the food crisis to use grain, corn and oil as weapons”.
According to the head of Ukrainian diplomacy, Dmytro Kouleba, 16 other boats loaded with cereals “waiting their turn” leaving Odessa, the main Ukrainian port, located on the Black Sea, which before the war concentrated 60% of the country’s port activities.
The IAEA is concerned about the Zaporizhia nuclear power plant
The situation is “volatile” in the Zaporijjia nuclear power plant (south) under Russian control since the beginning of March, worried on Tuesday the director general of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), which continues its efforts to send a mission there.
“The situation can change quickly” said Rafael Grossi during the press conference at the United Nations headquarters in New York where the conference of the 191 signatory states of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) was held.
“All safety principles have been violated in one way or another. And we cannot allow this to continue.”, he added. At the opening of the meeting on Monday, he pointed out that the situation is getting worse “more and more dangerous every day”.
Hence his efforts for weeks to send a mission to inspect the plant. The mission is currently denied by Ukraine, which considers that it will legitimize the Russian occupation of the site in the eyes of the international community, the Ukrainian operator Energoatom explained a few weeks ago.
“Getting there is very complicated because it requires the agreement and cooperation of many actors”especially Ukraine and Russia, and the support of the United Nations, which is a war zone, Rafael Grossi said on Tuesday.
“I try to do a mission as soon as possible”he assured.
Russian missile strike
The Ukrainian Air Force admitted on Tuesday night that Russian forces fired eight cruise missiles from the Caspian Sea into Ukrainian territory, including one. “hit an air defense complex in the Lviv region”, in the West. Another seven missiles were intercepted, according to this source.
“There is no information on possible victims at this time”wrote on Twitter the governor of the region, Maksym Kozytsky.
In the neighboring region of Kherson, the first major city to fall into the hands of the Russian army on March 3, “The situation remains tense”, said the presidency. But Ukraine, now leading a counteroffensive in the south, announced it had captured 53 localities there.
In the same region, the head of the military administration of Kryviy Rih, Oleksander Vilkul, reported the death of two civilians who were in a minibus trying to leave the village of Starosillya, at the hands of the Russians. Another five people were evacuated, two of them were seriously injured and hospitalized.
The Azov regime has been designated a “terrorist organization” by Russian justice
The Russian Supreme Court on Tuesday August 2 classified the Ukrainian Azov regiment, famous for defending Mariupol in Ukraine, as “terrorist organization”which may merit the heavy prosecution of its fighters captured by Russia.
Cited by the state news agency CASS, a judge of the Supreme Court declared to “satisfy the administrative request of the General Prosecutor’s Office, to identify the Ukrainian paramilitary unit ‘Azov’ as a terrorist organization and to ban its activities” in Russia. He clarified that this decision will be effective immediately.
Much of the testing took place behind closed doors. ACCORDING CASS, witnesses were called to the stand and spoke about alleged crimes committed by the Azov regiment in Ukraine. Under Russian law, the leaders of a terrorist organization risk 15 to 20 years in prison, their simple members between five and ten years.
On Telegram, an adviser to Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky, Mykhailo Podoliak, reacted on Tuesday evening by ensuring that “Any decision of the Russian courts about the war in Ukraine and on the territory of Ukraine is illegitimate from the point of view of international law”.
“In all cases”he added, “Russia will bear direct legal responsibility for the ill-treatment of prisoners of war.”
The Azov regiment, a unit created in 2014 by volunteers, then integrated into the Ukrainian regular army, distinguished itself by defending the port city of Mariupol, in southeastern Ukraine, which was annexed by Russia after a headquarters for several months.
After weeks of heavy fighting and shelling, the last defenders of Mariupol, entrenched in the Azovstal factory, finally surrendered in May.
The Kremlin and Russian state media have accused the Azov regime of being a neo-Nazi group that has committed war crimes and threatened to punish its members severely.