Cereals, gas or prey… The battle of numbers in four infographics

Merchant ships full of grain leaving the ports of the Black Sea in Ukraine again, reduced gas exports or, on land, armed clashes without respite in front of Donbass… Here is a point of four infographics in this new week of the war in Ukraine, ending it. Friday, the 156th day of the conflict.

In the East, the Russians are relentless in Kharkiv

Map of the situation in Ukraine as of July 28, 2022, 7 am GMT – SIMON MALFATTO, SOPHIE RAMIS, KENAN AUGEARD

According to the Ukrainian general staff, Russian forces continued this week to try to advance near Siversk and Bakhmout, in the industrial region of Donbass (eastern Ukraine), which Moscow still wants to annex. This Friday, the governor of the Lugansk region, Serguiï Gaïdaï, meanwhile announced that the Ukrainian forces faced six Russian attacks. “The enemy’s reconnaissance groups are trying to find weak points in our defense (…) They attack from different sides and resort to aviation on several occasions,” he said on Telegram.

And this week again, Vladimir Putin’s armed forces did not leave Kharkiv alone. Ukraine’s second city suffered two S-300 missile strikes on Thursday that caused fires, according to its mayor, Igor Terekhovassen. “The aggressors are trying to turn Kharkiv into a miserable city, the same as they have in Russia,” he said. About 30% of the city’s houses and apartments were destroyed and Igor Terekhovassen estimated the number of homeless at 150,000.

More than 25 million tons of cereals were released

Map of major ports in the Black Sea region and ports in Ukraine.
Map of major ports in the Black Sea region and ports in Ukraine. – LAURENCE SAUBADU, PAZ PIZARRO, SYLVIE HUSSON, EMMANUELLE MICHEL

The three Ukrainian ports designated for grain export resumed operations on Wednesday. “The ports of Odessa, Chornomorsk and Yuzhny (Pivdenny) continue to work, the Ukrainian Navy announced on Wednesday. The exit and entry of ships to the ports will be carried out by forming a convoy that accompanies the lead ship. »

This convoy is the result of the agreements signed on July 22 in Istanbul and must be controlled by the Joint Coordination Center (CCC), which was officially inaugurated the same day in the Turkish metropolis. This organization will register and monitor the merchant ships that join the convoys, ensure their follow-up through the Internet and through satellite, inspect the ships “in joint groups in the appropriate areas ” during loading at Ukrainian ports and when they arrive at Turkish ports.

These agreements, signed within four months, should allow the delivery abroad of about 25 million tons of grain that has been blocked since the beginning of the Russian invasion on February 24. However, it has been repeatedly announced in kyiv that it does not trust Moscow to ensure the security of these convoys. And to remember the firing of Russian missiles that happened last Saturday at the port of Odessa.

Coupe, gas is expensive

Graph showing the evolution of gas reserves in Europe since 2018, as of July 24, 2022.
Graph showing the evolution of gas reserves in Europe since 2018, as of July 24, 2022. – Laurence SAUBADU

On Monday, Moscow announced a new severe cut in gas deliveries to Europe, reigniting the gas fight between Russia and the West. The Russian gas giant Gazprom has announced that it will once again reduce, to 33 million cubic meters per day, the deliveries of Russian gas to Europe through the Nord Stream gas pipeline, arguing that it is necessary the maintenance of a turbine. Berlin then criticized a “pretext” and a “political” decision to influence the West in the context of the conflict in Ukraine. However, the arrival of gas from Russia in Germany on Wednesday was about 14.4 gigawatt hours (GWh), against almost 29 GWh on average in recent days, according to the German operator Gascade, which manages the territorial network.

Faced with the risk of shortages, gas prices continue to rise. Wednesday morning the Dutch TTF, the European natural gas benchmark, rose by more than 9%. Since the start of the week, TTF has jumped 35%.

The death toll has not yet been determined

Map of Ukraine showing civilian casualties recorded by NGO Acled between the start of the conflict on February 24 and July 22.
Map of Ukraine showing civilian casualties recorded by NGO Acled between the start of the conflict on February 24 and July 22. – Laurence SAUBADU, Valentina BRESCHI, Kenan AUGEARD

There is still no comprehensive assessment of civilian victims of the conflict. Only for the city of Mariupol (southeast), the Ukrainian authorities caused about 20,000 deaths. And at the military level, about 15,000 Russian soldiers have lost their lives in Ukraine since the start of the war, according to the latest report from American and British intelligence agencies released this week.

The Chief of the British Armed Forces, Admiral Tony Radakin, however estimated that the losses of the Russian military at 50,000 on Sunday, if the soldiers were killed or wounded. And this Thursday, Elissa Slotkin, a Democratic House Representative who attended a secret US government briefing, told CNN that she was told “that more than 75,000 Russians have been killed or injured, which is huge.” Dmitry Peskov, Vladimir Putin’s press secretary, denied, indicating that this figure was “false”, the Kremlin announced 1,351 losses in Russia’s share in its latest report.

As for Ukraine, it reported at the beginning of June of 10,000 dead in his troops through the voice of the presidential adviser Oleksiy Arestovych. It is important to note that no independent statistics about the number of deaths related to the war in Ukraine are available.

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