How will the export of grain, which is due to continue “this week”, happen?

After the signature, the action. A week after the agreement was reached between kyiv and Moscow to resume grain exports, the first shipments should leave “from this week” in the waters of the Black Sea. “We expect the deal to start working in the coming days.“, stated, Monday, July 25, Oleksandre Kubrakov, the Ukrainian Minister of Infrastructure. Therefore, about 25 million tons of grains, especially wheat, will leave the barns and silos. Franceinfo explains how the operations will take place.

A coordination center based in Istanbul

Turkey, which led the negotiations between Russia and Ukraine, only got a cbetween coordination open on its floor. The structure, which is responsible for controlling the operations, was inaugurated on Wednesday July 27 in Istanbul. Installed within a military academy, it consists of atwenty members: five representatives from Russia, five from Ukraine, five from the UN and five from Turkey.

The Joint Coordination Center (or The CCC) is responsible for registering merchant vessels that participate in convoys and monitoring them through the internet and satellite. He should also and above all check them carefully on departure and arrival from Istanbul to make sure that they are not carrying anything but cereals. This is a necessity in Russia prevent the Ukrainians from using the cargo to import weapons.

This review will be conducted “through joint groups in appropriate areas” during loading at Ukrainian ports and arriving at Turkish ports, said Turkish Defense Minister Hulusi Akar. But to nothing “no military presence”. If necessary, mining can occur. It will be decided and organized “at parties”.

The safe corridors set up in the Black Sea

Another step important to see the continuation of cereal exports: Kyiv announced on Wednesday 27 July that the three ports of the country from which ships depart have begun to operate again. They have “back to work”welcomed the Ukrainian Navy.

In detail, these are the ports of Odessa, Chornomorsk and Yuzhny. they located several dozen kilometers from each other, in southern Ukraine, facing the Black Sea. kyiv hopes to be able to increase their number in the future. “In the next two weeks we will be technically ready to transport grain exports from all Ukrainian ports”promised the Deputy Minister of Infrastructure, Yuri Vaskov.

Map showing the Ukrainian ports of Odessa, Chornomorsk and Yuzhny.  (FRANCEINFO)

it “safe corridor” set up for 120 days, ie four months. In agreement, Moscow and Kyiv are committed to “don’t attack” vessels carrying grain at this time. The UN made that clear “Ukrainian pilots” will make way for cargo ships in territorial waters, after rejecting Russian requests to clear the Black Sea of ​​mines laid by the Ukrainians to protect their coasts.

For former American Admiral Fred Kenney, who will represent the United Nations, “the first function” of this new device is “guarantee safe navigation for cargo ships. Everything will be done in this direction.” Concretely, “I amThe exit and entry of ships in the ports will be done by forming a convoy that will accompany the lead ship.said the Ukrainian navy on Thursday.

Railway operators are ready to facilitate exports

More needs to be done to ensure the safety of grain convoys. In fact, the keep track of “maritime humanitarian corridor” not yet healed. What about the distance that ships, planes or military drones must respect? And we need more find ship owners and volunteer crew. To do this, the Ukrainian Ministry of Infrastructure recently launched public tenders “for Ukrainian transport companies to transport wheat from silos to port infrastructure”wrote the RFI.

This call is intended for ship owners and international companies to offer their services to transport cargo in Ukraine. “This Thursday in London, marine insurance companies began agreeing rates to navigate these troubled waters.continued on the radio. But at this stage, there is no guarantee that Russia will not fire up the port facilities.

With the help of Western countries, kyiv is therefore working on other export routes via the Danube, rail or road, for example. In AIn Germany, the railway company Deutsche Bahn has already said it is ready to facilitate exports through its network to bring them to ports in Poland, the Netherlands or Germany. “We will be able to increase the capacity of the system in the coming weeks, to achieve maximum uptake [de céréales] from Ukraine”, told German television ZDF Sigrid Nikutta, the director of DB Cargo, the freight division of the company. Qproblem: rail only allows one to two million tons to leave Ukraine every month, far from capacityBlack Sea ports.

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