what to remember from friday july 22

Their blockade for five months threatens a food crisis in many countries: Ukraine’s grain can leave the silos and the Black Sea ports. Moscow and kyiv actually signed agreements with Turkey and the UN, Friday July 22, for allow exports to continue. The European Union is now calling for their “implementation”. Franceinfo assesses the situation, on the 149th day of the war.

Ukraine and Russia signed an agreement to revive grain exports

A common line, but each on his side. Ukraine and Russia signed two separate agreements with Turkey and the United Nations on the export of agricultural products through the Black Sea. Kyiv refused to sign the text directly with Moscow, which therefore committed to the same agreement with Ankara and the United Nations.

Under this agreement, “safe corridor” allow the circulation of merchant ships in the Black Sea, “Both parties promised not to attack”, according to a United Nations official who asked not to be identified. Faced with the risk of mines, which are usually placed by the Ukrainians to protect their coasts, “Ukrainian pilots” will give way to cargo ships in the territorial waters.

The challenge is to evacuate the 20 to 25 million tons of grain that are currently waiting in silos at the ports of Ukraine, and that are lacking in world markets. In a tweet, the head of diplomacy of the European Union, Josep Borrell, called today a “quick execution“.

Turkey is “ready” to help mine clearance in the Black Sea

When the signature was affixed under the agreements, Turkey said itself “ready” to help with the clearance of mines in the Black Sea to facilitate the export of Ukrainian cereals. “If necessary, it is planned [par l’accord] that mining may be carried out in a third country. Turkey is ready to offer help.”said on the private channel NTV the spokesman of the Turkish presidency Ibrahim Kalin.

For his part, the Minister of Defense of Russia himself promised not to take advantage of the military situation. In order to circulate the ships, in fact it is necessary to demine the approaches to ports like Odessa, which exposes them to Russian attacks. “We will not take advantage of the fact that these ports [ukrainiens] cleaned and opened. We made that commitment.” assured Sergei Shoigu.

Pro-Russian separatist territories block Google

Information warfare goes hand in hand with war. Authorities in Donetsk and Luhansk, two pro-Russian separatist territories in eastern Ukraine, said they blocked Google. According to a press release, the American search engine “promotes terrorism and violence against all Russians, especially the people of Donbass”.

Denis Pushilin, the leader of the separatist republic of Donetsk, said on Telegram that “The inhumane propaganda of Ukraine and the West has long crossed all borders. There is real persecution of Russians, the imposition of lies and disinformation.”

Washington announced $270 million in new military aid to Ukraine

The United States announced a new round of military aid to Ukraine in the amount of 270 million dollars, including in particular four new Himars artillery systems. Washington thus provided Kyiv with a total of 20 units of these multiple rocket launchers mounted on light armor after this new delivery, which will also include up to 500 Phoenix Ghost kamikaze drones, said John Kirby , speaker of the House. issues.

London will support Ukraine regardless of Boris Johnson’s successor

Before leaving his post soon, Boris Johnson made a last call to Volodymyr Zelensky. The resigned British Prime Minister assured the Ukrainian President that the United Kingdom will support Ukraine “will not fail, regardless of his successor”according to Downing Street.

The two candidates vying to replace him, Foreign Minister Liz Truss and ex-Finance Minister Rishi Sunak, have pledged to continue the policy of Boris Johnson.

Russian media Sputnik went bankrupt in France

Sputnik News has started liquidation proceedings in France. The news agency, like all Russian state media, was banned from the European Union after the start of the war in Ukraine. Launched in 2014, its economic model relies entirely on a Russian client affiliated with the Kremlin, the organization Rossia Segodnia, which directs members and reports from it, explained to AFP the liquidator of the company Christophe Basse, appointed by the court. .

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